Birds of Andalusia

Birdwatching at its best in Europe: ornithological rambles at prestigious wetlands, steppes and mountains.

280 bird species (non vagrant)

Worldclass migration spot

80 rare and emblematic species

Largest West European  wetland

Northern Bald Ibis colony

Birds are vertebrates that generally attract the most attention from naturalists and the general public. And for good reason, they constitute a group of mainly diurnal and easy-to-observe species, which have a great diversity of plumage, songs and customs. Their flight capacity fascinates us and they are harmless to humans.

Andalusia, with more than 280 species of non vagrant birds is definitely a hot spot for avian diversity in Europe. Very little, 3%, we will say comparing it with the global wealth of the group, but with a representation of almost all its orders, which allows us to approach the science of ornithology as a whole.

The south of the Peninsula offers ecosystems of international importance for bird watching: wetlands, agricultural plains, mountain ranges and semi-desert areas, mountains, forests and coasts. A festival of habitats to discover… home to fascinating Mediterranean species.

Colours and behaviours so attractive to the eyes. How not to marvel at a group of bee-eaters (Merops apiaster) or a european roller (Coracias garrulus)? With the hanging nests of the penduline tit (Remiz pendulina) or the colonies of black-headed weavers (Ploceus melanocephelus)? With the “wheels” of the great bustards (Otis tarda)? or the offerings of stones mounds of black wheatear (Oenanthe leucura) males?

Birds of Andalusia: pied flycatcher

Birds of Andalusia: pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca).

European bee-eater (Merops apiaster).

Steppe birds of Andalusia

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola).

Iberian imperial eagle

Iberian imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti).

The marshes, rice paddies, salt flats, estuaries and coastal ponds are bastions of the ducks, herons and wading birds, present in quantity, diversity and rarity. We indicate some nearby places that are worth noting for bird watching: Doñana, one of the most famous wetlands in Europe for the conservation of aquatic biodiversity and, of course, birds.

The Strait of Gibraltar during the migration is an unforgettable show, tens of thousands of great gliders never miss their appointment twice a year. So many opportunities to enjoy this great intercontinental ballet …

The mountains offer refuge to large raptors, endangered species such as Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), black vulture (Aegypius monachus) or Bonelli eagle (Aquila fasciata).

Not forgetting to mention the bald ibis (Geronticus eremita), a species of very striking morphology, in critical danger of extinction successfully reintroduced in Andalusia and also has a breeding colony easy to observe. There are also heron colonies, in particular on the Guadalquivir River as it passes through the city of Cordoba, where you can combine a visit to the historical monuments and the sightings of black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax).

This wealth is offered to visitors throughout the year and each season gives us its own particular attraction. In winter, water birds, particularly common cranes (Grus grus) and greylag geese (Anser anser), appear in large numbers and stop to rest in large wetlands. In this season, large groups of seabirds feed in the Alboran Sea and large raptors begin courtship. The beginning of spring offers prenuptial migration and its opportunities to observe a large number of species. The golden age of breeding follows, with the colorful nuptial plumages, the songs, dosplays and the frenzy to feed the young. Summer is the most difficult season for resident species that try to take refuge in the coolest corners. And so autumn comes, with the great post-nuptial migration of adults accompanied by the youth of the year, all of them heading to the southernmost territories: either further south in Africa or reaching this region of the southern Peninsula to spend the winter and the cycle begins again.

To contemplate the birds in their habitat is to dedicate time to a moment of pure happiness, connect with our deep nature as nature observers, marvel at the beauty that exists and populate our world.

Common cranes in Andalusia

Common cranes (Grus grus).

Cigogne blanche (Ciconia ciconia)

White stork (Ciconia ciconia).

Andalucia rare birds alert

Andalucía Rare Birds alert
Birds of Andalusia: pied flycatcher

Birds of Andalusia: pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca).

Birds are vertebrates that generally attract the most attention from naturalists and the general public. And for good reason, they constitute a group of mainly diurnal and easy-to-observe species, which have a great diversity of plumage, songs and customs. Their flight capacity fascinates us and they are harmless to humans.

Andalusia, with more than 280 species of non vagrant birds is definitely a hot spot for avian diversity in Europe. Very little, 3%, we will say comparing it with the global wealth of the group, but with a representation of almost all its orders, which allows us to approach the science of ornithology as a whole.

European bee-eater (Merops apiaster).

The south of the Peninsula offers ecosystems of international importance for bird watching: wetlands, agricultural plains, mountain ranges and semi-desert areas, mountains, forests and coasts. A festival of habitats to discover… home to fascinating Mediterranean species.

Colours and behaviours so attractive to the eyes. How not to marvel at a group of bee-eaters (Merops apiaster) or a european roller (Coracias garrulus)? With the hanging nests of the penduline tit (Remiz pendulina) or the colonies of black-headed weavers (Ploceus melanocephelus)? With the “wheels” of the great bustards (Otis tarda)? or the offerings of stones mounds of black wheatear (Oenanthe leucura) males?

Steppe birds of Andalusia

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola).

The marshes, rice paddies, salt flats, estuaries and coastal ponds are bastions of the ducks, herons and wading birds, present in quantity, diversity and rarity. We indicate some nearby places that are worth noting for bird watching: Doñana, one of the most famous wetlands in Europe for the conservation of aquatic biodiversity and, of course, birds.

Cigogne blanche (Ciconia ciconia)

White stork (Ciconia ciconia).

The Strait of Gibraltar during the migration is an unforgettable show, tens of thousands of great gliders never miss their appointment twice a year. So many opportunities to enjoy this great intercontinental ballet …

Iberian imperial eagle

Iberian imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti).

The mountains offer refuge to large raptors, endangered species such as Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), black vulture (Aegypius monachus) or Bonelli eagle (Aquila fasciata).

Not forgetting to mention the bald ibis (Geronticus eremita), a species of very striking morphology, in critical danger of extinction successfully reintroduced in Andalusia and also has a breeding colony easy to observe. There are also heron colonies, in particular on the Guadalquivir River as it passes through the city of Cordoba, where you can combine a visit to the historical monuments and the sightings of black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax).

Common cranes in Andalusia

Common cranes (Grus grus).

This wealth is offered to visitors throughout the year and each season gives us its own particular attraction. In winter, water birds, particularly common cranes (Grus grus) and greylag geese (Anser anser), appear in large numbers and stop to rest in large wetlands. In this season, large groups of seabirds feed in the Alboran Sea and large raptors begin courtship. The beginning of spring offers prenuptial migration and its opportunities to observe a large number of species. The golden age of breeding follows, with the colorful nuptial plumages, the songs, dosplays and the frenzy to feed the young. Summer is the most difficult season for resident species that try to take refuge in the coolest corners. And so autumn comes, with the great post-nuptial migration of adults accompanied by the youth of the year, all of them heading to the southernmost territories: either further south in Africa or reaching this region of the southern Peninsula to spend the winter and the cycle begins again.

To contemplate the birds in their habitat is to dedicate time to a moment of pure happiness, connect with our deep nature as nature observers, marvel at the beauty that exists and populate our world.

Andalucia rare birds alert

Andalucía Rare Birds alert
Oiseaux de l'Andalousie

Birds: List of species present in Andalusia

#

Order

Family

Species

Common name

Phenology

Main Habitat

Status

1 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas acuta Pintail Winter Wetlands
2 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler Resident Wetlands
3 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas crecca Common Teal Winter Wetlands
4 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas penelope Wigeon Winter Wetlands Rare
5 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas platyrhynchos Mallard Resident Wetlands
6 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas querquedula Garganey Migration Wetlands Rare
7 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas strepera Gadwall Resident Wetlands
8 Anseriformes Anatidae Anser anser Greylag Goose Winter Wetlands
9 Anseriformes Anatidae Aythya ferina Common Scoter Resident Wetlands
10 Anseriformes Anatidae Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck Winter Wetlands Rare
11 Anseriformes Anatidae Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck Resident Wetlands Very rare
12 Anseriformes Anatidae Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Duck Resident Wetlands Very Rare
13 Anseriformes Anatidae Melanitta nigra Common Scoter Winter Sea Rare
14 Anseriformes Anatidae Mergus serrator Red-br. Merganser Winter Wetlands Very Rare
15 Anseriformes Anatidae Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard Resident Wetlands
16 Anseriformes Anatidae Oxyura leucocephala White headed Duck Resident Wetlands
17 Anseriformes Anatidae Tadorna tadorna Shelduck Resident Wetlands
18 Galliformes Phasianidae Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partidge Resident Farmland & steppes
19 Galliformes Phasianidae Coturnix coturnix Common Quail Summer* Farmland & steppes
20 Galliformes Phasianidae Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant Resident Farmland & steppes
21 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps cristatus G. crested Grebe Resident Wetlands
22 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe Resident Wetlands
23 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe Resident Wetlands
24 Phoenicopteriformes Phoenicopteridae Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo Resident Wetlands
25 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Calonectris borealis Cory’s Shearwater Sea
26 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Calonectris diomedea Scopoli’s Shearwater Resident Sea
27 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Puffinus mauretanicus Balearic Shearwater Winter* Sea
28 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Puffinus yelkouan Mediterranean Shearwater Vagrant Sea Very Rare
29 Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Hydrobates pelagicus E. Storm Petrel Resident Sea Very Rare
30 Pelecaniformes Sulidae Morus bassanus Northern Gannet Resident* Sea
31 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag Resident Coastal Very Rare
32 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant Resident Wetlands
33 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardea alba Great White Egret Resident Wetlands
34 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardea cinerea Grey Heron Resident Wetlands
35 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Summer Wetlands
36 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron Resident Wetlands
37 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Botaurus stellaris Bittern Resident Riparian Rare
38 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret Resident Farmland & steppes
39 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta garzetta Little Egret Resident Wetlands
40 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern Summer* Riparian
41 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Nycticorax nycticorax Night Heron Resident Wetlands
42 Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Geronticus eremita Northern bald ibis Resident Farmland & steppes Very Rare
43 Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Platalea leucorodia Spoonbill Resident Wetlands
44 Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis Resident Wetlands
45 Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Ciconia ciconia White Stork Resident Wetlands
46 Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Ciconia nigra Black Stork Resident Farmland & steppes
47 Falconiformes Pandionidae Pandion haliaetus Osprey Resident Wetlands
48 Falconiformes Accipitridae Accipiter gentilis Ghoshawk Resident Woodlands Rare
49 Falconiformes Accipitridae Accipiter nisus Sparrowhawk Resident Woodlands
50 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture Resident Woodlands
51 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle Resident Woodlands
52 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle Resident Cliffs
53 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila fasciata Bonelli’s Eagle Resident Cliffs
54 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila pennata Booted Eagle Resident Woodlands
55 Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo buteo Common Buzzard Resident Woodlands
56 Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard Vagrant Woodlands Very Rare
57 Falconiformes Accipitridae Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Eagle Summer Woodlands
58 Falconiformes Accipitridae Circus aeruginosus Marsh Harrier Resident Riparian
59 Falconiformes Accipitridae Circus cyaneus Hen Harrier Winter Farmland & steppes
60 Falconiformes Accipitridae Circus pygargus Montagu’s Harrier Summer Farmland & steppes
61 Falconiformes Accipitridae Elanus caeruleus B-shouldered Kite Resident Farmland & steppes
62 Falconiformes Accipitridae Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture Resident Cliffs Very Rare
63 Falconiformes Accipitridae Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture Resident Cliffs
64 Falconiformes Accipitridae Gyps rueppellii Rüppell’s Vulture Resident Cliffs Very Rare
65 Falconiformes Accipitridae Milvus migrans Black Kite Summer Farmland & steppes
66 Falconiformes Accipitridae Milvus milvus Red Kite Resident Farmland & steppes
67 Falconiformes Accipitridae Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture Summer Cliffs
68 Falconiformes Accipitridae Pernis apivorus Honey Buzzard Summer, Migration Woodlands
69 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco columbarius Merlin Winter Farmland & steppes Rare
70 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel Summer* Farmland & steppes
71 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco peregrinus Peregrine Resident Cliffs
72 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco subbuteo Hobby Migration Woodlands Rare
73 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco tinnunculus Kestrel Resident Urban
74 Gruiformes Rallidae Fulica atra Common Coot Resident Wetlands
75 Gruiformes Rallidae Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot Resident Wetlands
76 Gruiformes Rallidae Gallinula chloropus Moorhen Resident Riparian
77 Gruiformes Rallidae Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamp-hen Resident Riparian
78 Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana porzana Spotted Crake Migration Riparian Very Rare
79 Gruiformes Rallidae Rallus aquaticus Water Rail Resident Riparian
80 Gruiformes Otididae Otis tarda Great Bustard Resident Farmland & steppes
81 Gruiformes Otididae Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard Resident Farmland & steppes
82 Gruiformes Gruidae Grus grus Crane Winter Farmland & steppes
83 Charadriiformes Burhinidae Burhinus oedicnemus Stone Curlew Resident Farmland & steppes
84 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover Resident Wetlands
85 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover Resident Wetlands
86 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius hiaticula Great Ringed Plover Resident Wetlands
87 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Pluvialis apricaria E. Golden Plover Winter Farmland & steppes
88 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover Resident Coastal
89 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Vanellus vanellus Lapwing Resident Farmland & steppes
90 Charadriiformes Haematopodidae Haematopus ostralegus E. Oystercatcher Resident Coastal
91 Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt Resident Wetlands
92 Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Recurvirostra avosetta Avocet Resident Wetlands
93 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper Resident Wetlands
94 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone Resident Coastal
95 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris alba Sanderling Winter Coastal
96 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris alpina Dunlin Winter* Wetlands
97 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris canutus Red Knot Winter Wetlands Rare
98 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper Winter Wetlands
99 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper Winter Coastal Very Rare
100 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris minuta Little Stint Winter Wetlands
101 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris temminckii Temminck’s Stint Winter Wetlands Rare
102 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe Winter Riparian
103 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit Resident Wetlands
104 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit Resident Wetlands
105 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe Winter Riparian Rare
106 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew Resident Wetlands
107 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel Resident Coastal
108 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Philomachus pugnax Ruff Winter Wetlands
109 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock Winter Woodlands Rare
110 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank Winter Wetlands
111 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper Winter* Wetlands
112 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank Winter Wetlands
113 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper Winter Wetlands
114 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper Winter Wetlands Rare
115 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa totanus Common Redshank Resident Wetlands
116 Charadriiformes Turnicidae Turnix sylvaticus Andalusian Hemipode Resident Farmland & steppes Extinct
117 Charadriiformes Glareolidae Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole Summer Farmland & steppes
118 Charadriiformes Laridae Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern Summer Wetlands
119 Charadriiformes Laridae Chlidonias niger Black Tern Summer Wetlands
120 Charadriiformes Laridae Chroicocephalus genei Slender-billed Gull Resident Coastal
121 Charadriiformes Laridae Chroicocephalus ridibundus Black-headed Gull Resident Wetlands
122 Charadriiformes Laridae Gelochelidon nilotica Gull-billed tern Summer Wetlands
123 Charadriiformes Laridae Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull Winter Wetlands Rare
124 Charadriiformes Laridae Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern Winter* Coastal
125 Charadriiformes Laridae Ichthyaetus audouinii Audouin’s Gull Winter* Coastal
126 Charadriiformes Laridae Ichthyaetus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull Winter Coastal
127 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus fuscus Black-backed Gull Winter Wetlands
128 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus michahellis Yellow-legged Gull Resident Coastal
129 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna hirundo Common Tern Summer Coastal
130 Charadriiformes Laridae Sternula albifrons Little Tern Summer Coastal
131 Charadriiformes Laridae Thalasseus bengalensis Lesser crested Tern Vagrant Coastal Very Rare
132 Charadriiformes Laridae Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern Resident Coastal
133 Charadriiformes Stercorariidae Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger Winter* Sea Rare
134 Charadriiformes Stercorariidae Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Skua Winter* Sea
135 Charadriiformes Stercorariidae Stercorarius skua Great Skua Winter* Sea
136 Charadriiformes Alcidae Alca torda Razorbill Winter Sea Rare
137 Charadriiformes Alcidae Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin Winter Sea Rare
138 Pterocliformes Pteroclidae Pterocles alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Resident Farmland & steppes Rare
139 Pterocliformes Pteroclidae Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse Resident Farmland & steppes Rare
140 Columbiformes Columbidae Columba livia Rock Dove Resident Cliffs
141 Columbiformes Columbidae Columba oenas Stock Dove Resident Woodlands Very Rare
142 Columbiformes Columbidae Columba palumbus Wood pigeon Resident Woodlands
143 Columbiformes Columbidae Streptopelia decaocto Collared Dove Resident Urban
144 Columbiformes Columbidae Streptopelia turtur Turtle Dove Summer Farmland & steppes
145 Psittaciformes Psittacidae Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet Resident Urban
146 Psittaciformes Psittacidae Psittacula krameri Rose-ringed Parakeet Resident Urban
147 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Clamator glandarius Gr.-sp. Cuckoo Resident Shrubland
148 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Cuculus canorus Cuckoo Summer Woodlands
149 Strigiformes Tytonidae Tyto alba Western Barn Owl Resident Urban
150 Strigiformes Strigidae Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl Winter Farmland & steppes Rare
151 Strigiformes Strigidae Asio otus Long-eared Owl Resident Woodlands Rare
152 Strigiformes Strigidae Athene noctua Little Owl Resident Farmland & steppes
153 Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-Owl Resident Cliffs
154 Strigiformes Strigidae Otus scops Scops Owl Resident Woodlands
155 Strigiformes Strigidae Strix aluco Tawny Owl Resident Woodlands
156 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar Summer Woodlands Rare
157 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Caprimulgus ruficollis Red-Neck. Nightjar Summer Woodlands
158 Apodiformes Apodidae Apus affinis Little swift Resident Urban Very Rare
159 Apodiformes Apodidae Apus apus Common Swift Summer Urban
160 Apodiformes Apodidae Apus caffer White-rump. Swift Summer Cliffs Very Rare
161 Apodiformes Apodidae Apus melba Alpine Swift Summer Cliffs
162 Apodiformes Apodidae Apus pallidus Pallid Swift Summer Urban
163 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Alcedo atthis Kingfisher Resident Riparian
164 Coraciiformes Meropidae Merops apiaster European Bee-eater Summer Shrubland
165 Coraciiformes Coraciidae Coracias garrulus Roller Summer Farmland & steppes
166 Coraciiformes Upupidae Upupa epops Hoopoe Resident Shrubland
167 Piciformes Picidae Dendrocopos major Gr.sp. Woodpecker Resident Woodlands
168 Piciformes Picidae Dryobates minor Les.sp Woodpecker Resident Woodlands Rare
169 Piciformes Picidae Jynx torquilla Wryneck Summer* Woodlands
170 Piciformes Picidae Picus sharpei Iberian Woodpecker Resident Woodlands
171 Passeriformes Laniidae Lanius meridionalis Southern grey shrike Resident Shrubland
172 Passeriformes Laniidae Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike Summer Shrubland
173 Passeriformes Oriolidae Oriolus oriolus Golden Oriole Summer Riparian
174 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus corax Raven Resident Cliffs
175 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus corone Carrion Crow Resident Farmland & steppes Very Rare
176 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus monedula Jackdaw Resident Cliffs
177 Passeriformes Corvidae Cyanopica cooki Azure-winged Magpie Resident Shrubland
178 Passeriformes Corvidae Garrulus glandarius Jay Resident Woodlands
179 Passeriformes Corvidae Pica pica Magpie Resident Shrubland
180 Passeriformes Corvidae Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough Resident Cliffs
181 Passeriformes Alaudidae Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark Winter Farmland & steppes
182 Passeriformes Alaudidae Calandrella brachydactyla Gr. Short-toed Lark Summer Farmland & steppes
183 Passeriformes Alaudidae Calandrella rufescens Le. Short-toed Lark Resident Farmland & steppes Rare
184 Passeriformes Alaudidae Chersophilus duponti Dupont’s Lark Resident Farmland & steppes Very Rare
185 Passeriformes Alaudidae Galerida cristata Crested Lark Resident Farmland & steppes
186 Passeriformes Alaudidae Galerida theklae Thekla Lark Resident Shrubland
187 Passeriformes Alaudidae Lullula arborea Woodlark Resident Woodlands
188 Passeriformes Alaudidae Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark Resident Farmland & steppes
189 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Cecropis daurica Red-rump. Swallow Summer* Shrubland
190 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Delichon urbicum House Martin Summer* Urban
191 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow Summer* Urban
192 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Ptyonoprogne rupestris Crag Martin Resident Cliffs
193 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Riparia riparia Sand Martin Resident Riparian
194 Passeriformes Paridae Cyanistes caeruleus Blue Tit Resident Woodlands
195 Passeriformes Paridae Lophophanes cristatus Crested Tit Resident Woodlands
196 Passeriformes Paridae Parus major Great Tit Resident Woodlands
197 Passeriformes Paridae Periparus ater Coal Tit Resident Woodlands
198 Passeriformes Remizidae Remiz pendulinus Penduline Tit Resident Riparian
199 Passeriformes Cettiidae Cettia cetti Cetti’s Warbler Resident Riparian
200 Passeriformes Aegithalidae Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit Resident Woodlands
201 Passeriformes Sittidae Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch Resident Woodlands
202 Passeriformes Certhiidae Certhia brachydactyla Tree Creeper Resident Woodlands
203 Passeriformes Troglodytidae Troglodytes troglodytes Wren Resident Woodlands
204 Passeriformes Cinclidae Cinclus cinclus White-th. Dipper Resident Wetlands Very Rare
205 Passeriformes Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus barbatus Common Bulbul Resident Urban Very Rare
206 Passeriformes Regulidae Regulus ignicapilla Firecrest Resident Woodlands
207 Passeriformes Phylloscopidae Phylloscopus bonelli Bonelli’s Warbler Summer Woodlands
208 Passeriformes Phylloscopidae Phylloscopus collybita Common Chiffchaff Winter Woodlands
209 Passeriformes Phylloscopidae Phylloscopus ibericus Iberian chiffchaff Summer Woodlands
210 Passeriformes Phylloscopidae Phylloscopus trochilus Yellow-browed warbler Migration Woodlands
211 Passeriformes Acrocephalidae Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed Warbler Summer Riparian
212 Passeriformes Acrocephalidae Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler Migration Riparian Rare
213 Passeriformes Acrocephalidae Acrocephalus scirpaceus Reed Warbler Summer Riparian
214 Passeriformes Acrocephalidae Hippolais polyglotta Melodious Warbler Summer Shrubland
215 Passeriformes Acrocephalidae Iduna opaca W. Olivaceous W. Summer Riparian
216 Passeriformes Megaluridae Locustella luscinioides Savi’s Warbler Summer Riparian Rare
217 Passeriformes Megaluridae Locustella naevia Grasshopper Warbler Migration Riparian Rare
218 Passeriformes Cisticolidae Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola Resident Shrubland
219 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia atricapilla Blackcap Resident Woodlands
220 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia borin Garden Warbler Migrante Woodlands Rare
221 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler Summer Shrubland
222 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia communis C. Whitethroat Summer Shrubland
223 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia conspicillata Spectacled Warbler Summer* Shrubland Rare
224 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia hortensis W. Orphean Warbler Summer Shrubland Rare
225 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler Resident Shrubland
226 Passeriformes Sylviidae Sylvia undata Dartford Warbler Resident Shrubland
227 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Erithacus rubecula Robin Resident Woodlands
228 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Erythropygia galactotes Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Summer Farmland & steppes Rare
229 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Ficedula hypoleuca Pied Flycatcher Summer, Migration Woodlands
230 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Luscinia megarhynchos Rufous Nightingale Summer Riparian
231 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Luscinia svecica Bluethroat Winter Riparian
232 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher Summer Woodlands
233 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear Summer Shrubland
234 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear Resident Cliffs
235 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear Summer Shrubland
236 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart Resident Cliffs
237 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Phoenicurus phoenicurus Redstart Summer, Migration Woodlands
238 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Saxicola rubetra Whinchat Migration Shrubland
239 Passeriformes Muscicapidae Saxicola rubicola Stonechat Resident Shrubland
240 Passeriformes Turdidae Monticola saxatilis C. Rock Thrush Summer Cliffs Very Rare
241 Passeriformes Turdidae Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush Resident Cliffs
242 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus iliacus Redwing Winter Woodlands Rare
243 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus merula Blackbird Resident Woodlands
244 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus philomelos Song Thrush Winter Woodlands
245 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus pilaris Fieldfare Winter Shrubland Very Rare
246 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus torquatus Ring Ouzel Winter Shrubland Rare
247 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus viscivorus Mistle Trush Resident Woodlands
248 Passeriformes Sturnidae Sturnus unicolor Spotless Starling Resident Urban
249 Passeriformes Sturnidae Sturnus vulgaris C. Starling Winter Urban
250 Passeriformes Prunellidae Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor Resident Shrubland Very Rare
251 Passeriformes Prunellidae Prunella modularis Dunnock Resident Shrubland Rare
252 Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus  campestris Tawny pipit Summer Shrubland
253 Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus  pratensis Meadow Pipit Winter Riparian
254 Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus  spinoletta Water pipit Winter Riparian Rare
255 Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus  trivialis Tree Pipit Migration Shrubland Rare
256 Passeriformes Motacillidae Motacilla alba White Wagtail Resident Riparian
257 Passeriformes Motacillidae Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail Resident Riparian
258 Passeriformes Motacillidae Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail Summer Riparian
259 Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza calandra Corn Bunting Resident Farmland & steppes
260 Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza cia Rock Bunting Resident Shrubland
261 Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza cirlus Cirl Bunting Resident Shrubland
262 Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting Summer, Migration Shrubland Rare
263 Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting Winter Riparian Rare
264 Passeriformes Fringillidae Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch Resident Shrubland Very Rare
265 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis cannabina Linnet Resident Shrubland
266 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis carduelis Goldfinch Resident Shrubland
267 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis spinus Siskin Winter Woodlands
268 Passeriformes Fringillidae Chloris chloris Greenfinch Resident Woodlands
269 Passeriformes Fringillidae Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch Resident Woodlands
270 Passeriformes Fringillidae Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch Resident Woodlands
271 Passeriformes Fringillidae Fringilla montifringilla Brambling Winter Farmland & steppes Rare
272 Passeriformes Fringillidae Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill Resident Woodlands
273 Passeriformes Fringillidae Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch Winter Woodlands Rare
274 Passeriformes Fringillidae Serinus citrinela Citril Finch Resident Woodlands Rare
275 Passeriformes Fringillidae Serinus serinus Eurasian Serin Resident Woodlands
276 Passeriformes Passeridae Passer domesticus House Sparrow Resident Urban
277 Passeriformes Passeridae Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow Resident Farmland & steppes
278 Passeriformes Passeridae Passer montanus Tree Sparrow Resident Farmland & steppes
279 Passeriformes Passeridae Petronia petronia Rock Sparrow Resident Shrubland
280 Passeriformes Ploceidae Ploceus cucullatus Village weaver Resident Very Rare
281 Passeriformes Ploceidae Ploceus melanocephalus Black-headed weawer Resident Riparian Very Rare
282 Passeriformes Estrildidae Amandava amandava Red Avadavat Resident Farmland & steppes Very Rare
283 Passeriformes Estrildidae Estrilda astrild Common Waxbill Resident Farmland & steppes

 

Notes

STATUT. H: Espèces observées durant la période hivernale. H*: principalement l’hiver, plus autres périodes, non repdroductrices. N: nicheuses migratrices (printemps, été). N*: nicheuses migratrices avec petits effectifs hivernaux. NS: nicheuses sédentaires (résidentes). M: seulement en période de migration. nM: nicheuse localisée, notables surtout pendant la migration.

RARETÉ. R: Rare. RR: Très Rare. Ex: Eteint.

MORE INFO ON THE WEB

Observation.org

ebird.org

Spanish Ornithological Society

Andalucia Bird Society

Spanish Red Databook of Birds

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