Expert Nature Guide

Iberian lynx tour in Sierra de Andujar

Wildlife tour
Expert Nature Guide

Natural parks

Sierra de Andújar

Seasons

Winter

À la carte

2-4 days Iberian lynx tour

Iberian lynx tour, large mammal in Spain and Sierra Morena

– Refuge of the Iberian Lynx

– Large mammals and raptors

– Spain & Sierra Morena iconic fauna

Region

Spain/ Andalusia

Meeting point

Seville / Malaga

Specialized service

Small parties

The Iberian lynx tour includes some of the most attractive behaviors and reproduction of wild animals in Andalusia. Sierra Morena’s populations of threatened mammals  and birds of prey provide an almost ‘magnetic’ attraction for nature observers. This safari offers great opportunities for wildlife photography.

Sierra de Andújar, the most famous protected area in Sierra Morena, is a long granite chain that separates Andalusia from the rest of Spain and is mostly known for hosting populations of large mammals. We will visit the Natural Park in winter (December-January) at the peak season for Iberian lynx sightings… when the cats are in heat and most active. The feline is undoubtedly an Andalusian “Big 5”.

On the lookout for the rarest of the large cats

On the program: the best observation sites for the Iberian lynx which offer many other species of interest such as the imperial eagle or the golden eagle. We will explore the banks of the Río Jandula where more wildlife awaits us. If luck smiles on us, the otter. We will arrange a visit to a private visit to a finca to enjoy better conditions for lynx observations and more tranquility.

We take you to one of the rare natural areas in Europe which ensures observations of large mammals and birds of prey

This trip requires long periods of observation in the field: a very particular form of observing nature. In the evening, possible visit of a pond for amphibians.

Housing nearby in the mountains. Between the airport and Andújar, we will plan stops to observe more fauna, and especially water birds.

Wildlife safari looking for the Iberian lynx
Sierra de Andújar / Sierra Morena

… in the Sierra Morena’s most renowned park : Andújar N.P.

The Iberian lynx tour includes some of the most attractive behaviors and reproduction of wild animals in Andalusia. Sierra Morena’s populations of threatened mammals  and birds of prey provide an almost ‘magnetic’ attraction for nature observers .

Sierra de Andújar, the most famous protected area in Sierra Morena, is a long granite chain that separates Andalusia from the rest of Spain and is mostly known for hosting populations of large mammals. We will visit the Natural Park in winter (December-January) at the peak season for Iberian lynx sightings… when the cats are in heat and most active. The feline is undoubtedly an Andalusian “Big 5”.

On the lookout for the rarest of the large cats

Wildlife safari looking for the Iberian lynx

On the program: the best observation sites for the lynx which offer many other species of interest such as the imperial eagle or the golden eagle. We will explore the banks of the Río Jandula where more wildlife awaits us. If luck smiles on us, the otter. We will arrange a visit to a private visit to a finca to enjoy better conditions for lynx observations and more tranquility.

… in the Sierra Morena’s most renowned park : Andújar N.P.

Sierra de Andújar / Sierra Morena

This trip requires long periods of observation in the field: a very particular form of observing nature. In the evening, possible visit of a pond for amphibians.

Housing nearby in the mountains. `Between the airport and Andújar, we will plan stops to observe more fauna, and especially water birds.

We take you to one of the rare natural areas in Europe which ensures observations of large mammals and birds of prey

Trips to book

Winter 2022 / 2023

Doñana and/or Sierra Morena

l

INCLUDE

  • A wildlife watching travel lead by local nature guide. Groups 1-4 (up to 8) people.
  • Half board (picnics by the participants).
  • Double rooms (single room supplement).
  • Does not include round-trip flights by plane.

Bonus

Quite simply, one of the best wildlife safari in Europe.

Mammals to observe at an Iberian lynx tour

Red deer / Cervus elaphus

Red deer

Fallow deer / Dama dama

Fallow deer

European mouflon / Ovis aries musimon

European mouflon

Spanish ibex / Capra pyrenaica

Spanish ibex

Wild boar / Sus scrofa

Wild boar

Wild rabbit / Oryctolagus cuniculus

Wild rabbit

Common winter birds in Sierra de Andujar

Imperial eagle / Aquila adalberti

Imperial eagle

Golden eagle / Aquila chrysaetos

Golden eagle

Black vulture / Aegypius monachus

Black vulture

Griffon vulture / Gyps fulvus

Griffon vulture

Goshawk / Accipiter gentilis

Goshawk

Sparrowhawk / Accipiter nisus

Sparrowhawk

Azure winged magpie / Cyanopica cooki

Azure winged magpie

Iberian woodpecker / Picus sharpei

Iberian woodpecker

Crag martin / Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Crag martin

Sardinian warbler / Sylvia melanocephala

Sardinian warbler

Hawfinch / Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Hawfinch

Rock bunting / Emberiza cia

Rock bunting

Where to look for the Iberian lynx in Spain and Portugal?

Locations of Lynx observations in a citizen science scheme. Source: iNaturalist.org

Where to look for the Iberian lynx in Spain and Portugal?

Andalusia served as refuge for the Iberian lynx in Spain in recent decades, espececially when the species was on the brink of the extinction with less than 100 idivididuals detected in the early 2000. Those strongholds are considered the best areas for iconic and large wildlife, especially for the mammals and carnivores. The most reknown is no other than Doñana National Park, one of the largest coastal protected area in Europe and where most of the pionnering studies were carried out. Populations of the big cat has expanded recently close to Sevilla in Aljarafe district. The second area is central Sierra Morena, encompassing Andújar and Cardeña Natural Parks, which hunting private estates have kept a high degree of wilderness.

Andújar is widely recognized as the best spot for an Iberian Lynx tour, with more visitors looking at the cat every year. In 2000, the area was allready popular, but mostly among local nature lovers. Since then, attraction has grown in whole Spain and Europe and private finca dedicated to Lynx observations have started to flourished.

Best time of the year for a lynx safari in Andalusia

Frequency of observations sorted by months following the hydrological period. Source: Observation.org

Best time of the year for a lynx safari

Winter months show a peak of lynx observations in Andalusia with up to four times more observations than during the rest of the year. The period running from december to february coincides with the rut, when social interactions reach their climax, and optimal climatic conditions, without heat, favouring day-light activities of the animals. European rabbits are also very active and large raptors usually diplay their courtship in the sky.

Evolution of Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) world population

World population size since 2002. Source: MITECO.

Evolution of Iberian Lynx pardinus populations in Spain and Portugal

Recent evolution of Iberian lynx populations have been very positive in recent years, with a spectacular increase of individuals since 2015. This global figure has to be balanced looking closely at the situation in the previous feuds of the species in Andalusia: the Doñana-Aljarafe population remains very low (<100 individuals), especially in the National Park where the European rabbits declined severely while the Andújar-Cardeña population has stabilized around 200 individuals for more than 10 years. Demographic gains thanks to re-introductions programs in Sierra Morena (Guadalmellato, Guarrizas, Castilla La Mancha) and outside this mountain range such as Matachel (Extremadura), Montes de Toledo (Castilla La Mancha) and Guadiana (Portugal).

Sierra Morena

Huelva, Seville, Cordoba, Jaen provinces – wooded and unpopulated, refuge for large wildlife.

At the north of Andalusia, Sierra Morena is an ancient granitic, eroded and low-altitude mountain range. Its poor soils only allow for low agricultural yield and forced human ingenuity, which developed in response the dehesa (wood pasture), an agro-silvopastoral culture typical of Iberian landscapes.

Sierra Morena, refuge for large wildlife

Sierra Morena has a lower population density than Lapland.